# How to correctly use scipy’s skew and kurtosis functions?

Hello Guys, How are you all? Hope You all Are Fine. Today We Are Going To learn about How to correctly use scipy’s skew and kurtosis functions in Python. So Here I am Explain to you all the possible Methods here.

## How to correctly use scipy’s skew and kurtosis functions?

1. How to correctly use scipy's skew and kurtosis functions?

These functions calculate moments of the probability density distribution (that's why it takes only one parameter) and doesn't care about the “functional form” of the values.

2. correctly use scipy's skew and kurtosis functions

These functions calculate moments of the probability density distribution (that's why it takes only one parameter) and doesn't care about the “functional form” of the values.

## Method 1

These functions calculate moments of the probability density distribution (that’s why it takes only one parameter) and doesn’t care about the “functional form” of the values.

These are meant for “random datasets” (think of them as measures like mean, standard deviation, variance):

```import numpy as np
from scipy.stats import kurtosis, skew

x = np.random.normal(0, 2, 10000)   # create random values based on a normal distribution

print( 'excess kurtosis of normal distribution (should be 0): {}'.format( kurtosis(x) ))
print( 'skewness of normal distribution (should be 0): {}'.format( skew(x) ))
```

which gives:

```excess kurtosis of normal distribution (should be 0): -0.024291887786943356
skewness of normal distribution (should be 0): 0.009666157036010928
```

changing the number of random values increases the accuracy:

```x = np.random.normal(0, 2, 10000000)
```

```excess kurtosis of normal distribution (should be 0): -0.00010309478605163847
skewness of normal distribution (should be 0): -0.0006751744848755031
```

In your case the function “assumes” that each value has the same “probability” (because the values are equally distributed and each value occurs only once) so from the point of view of `skew` and `kurtosis` it’s dealing with a non-gaussian probability density (not sure what exactly this is) which explains why the resulting values aren’t even close to `0`:

```import numpy as np
from scipy.stats import kurtosis, skew

x_random = np.random.normal(0, 2, 10000)

x = np.linspace( -5, 5, 10000 )
y = 1./(np.sqrt(2.*np.pi)) * np.exp( -.5*(x)**2  )  # normal distribution

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

f, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(1, 2)
ax1.hist(x_random, bins='auto')
ax1.set_title('probability density (random)')
ax2.hist(y, bins='auto')
plt.tight_layout()
```

## Method 2

You are using as data the “shape” of the density function. These functions are meant to be used with data sampled from a distribution. If you sample from the distribution, you will obtain sample statistics that will approach the correct value as you increase the sample size. To plot the data, I would recommend a histogram.

```%matplotlib inline
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from scipy.stats import kurtosis
from scipy.stats import skew

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.style.use('ggplot')

data = np.random.normal(0, 1, 10000000)
np.var(data)

plt.hist(data, bins=60)

print("mean : ", np.mean(data))
print("var  : ", np.var(data))
print("skew : ",skew(data))
print("kurt : ",kurtosis(data))
```

Output:

```mean :  0.000410213500847
var  :  0.999827716979
skew :  0.00012294118186476907
kurt :  0.0033554829466604374
```

Unless you are dealing with an analytical expression, it is extremely unlikely that you will obtain a zero when using data.

## Summery

It’s all About this issue. Hope all Methods helped you a lot. Comment below Your thoughts and your queries. Also, Comment below which Method worked for you? Thank You.