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How to set class attribute with await in __init__

Hello Guys, How are you all? Hope You all Are Fine. Today We Are Going To learn about How to set class attribute with await in init in Python. So Here I am Explain to you all the possible Methods here.

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Table of Contents

How to set class attribute with await in init?

  1. How to set class attribute with await in init?

    This at least addresses the __init__ issue. I haven't seen class variables that make asynchronous calls in the wild that I can recall, so I don't know that any well-established patterns have emerged.

  2. set class attribute with await in init

    This at least addresses the __init__ issue. I haven't seen class variables that make asynchronous calls in the wild that I can recall, so I don't know that any well-established patterns have emerged.

Method 1

Most magic methods aren’t designed to work with async def/await – in general, you should only be using await inside the dedicated asynchronous magic methods – __aiter____anext____aenter__, and __aexit__. Using it inside other magic methods either won’t work at all, as is the case with __init__ (unless you use some tricks described in other answers here), or will force you to always use whatever triggers the magic method call in an asynchronous context.

Existing asyncio libraries tend to deal with this in one of two ways: First, I’ve seen the factory pattern used (asyncio-redis, for example):

import asyncio

dsn = "..."

class Foo(object):
    @classmethod
    async def create(cls, settings):
        self = Foo()
        self.settings = settings
        self.pool = await create_pool(dsn)
        return self

async def main(settings):
    settings = "..."
    foo = await Foo.create(settings)

Other libraries use a top-level coroutine function that creates the object, rather than a factory method:

import asyncio

dsn = "..."

async def create_foo(settings):
    foo = Foo(settings)
    await foo._init()
    return foo

class Foo(object):
    def __init__(self, settings):
        self.settings = settings

    async def _init(self):
        self.pool = await create_pool(dsn)

async def main():
    settings = "..."
    foo = await create_foo(settings)

The create_pool function from aiopg that you want to call in __init__ is actually using this exact pattern.

This at least addresses the __init__ issue. I haven’t seen class variables that make asynchronous calls in the wild that I can recall, so I don’t know that any well-established patterns have emerged.

Method 2

Another way to do this, for funsies:

class aobject(object):
    """Inheriting this class allows you to define an async __init__.

    So you can create objects by doing something like `await MyClass(params)`
    """
    async def __new__(cls, *a, **kw):
        instance = super().__new__(cls)
        await instance.__init__(*a, **kw)
        return instance

    async def __init__(self):
        pass

#With non async super classes

class A:
    def __init__(self):
        self.a = 1

class B(A):
    def __init__(self):
        self.b = 2
        super().__init__()

class C(B, aobject):
    async def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        self.c=3

#With async super classes

class D(aobject):
    async def __init__(self, a):
        self.a = a

class E(D):
    async def __init__(self):
        self.b = 2
        await super().__init__(1)

# Overriding __new__

class F(aobject):
    async def __new__(cls):
        print(cls)
        return await super().__new__(cls)

    async def __init__(self):
        await asyncio.sleep(1)
        self.f = 6

async def main():
    e = await E()
    print(e.b) # 2
    print(e.a) # 1

    c = await C()
    print(c.a) # 1
    print(c.b) # 2
    print(c.c) # 3

    f = await F() # Prints F class
    print(f.f) # 6

import asyncio
loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
loop.run_until_complete(main())

Conclusion

It’s all About this issue. Hope all Methods helped you a lot. Comment below Your thoughts and your queries. Also, Comment below which Method worked for you? Thank You.

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