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[Solved] Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO)

Hello Guys, How are you all? Hope You all Are Fine. Today I get the following error Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) in python. So Here I am Explain to you all the possible solutions here.

Without wasting your time, Let’s start This Article to Solve This Error.

How Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) Error Occurs?

Today I get the following error Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) in python.

How To Solve Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) Error ?

  1. How To Solve Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) Error ?

    To Solve Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) Error It does this by linearizing the inheritance graph, that

  2. Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO)

    To Solve Type: Cannot create a consistent method resolution order (MRO) Error It does this by linearizing the inheritance graph, that

Solution 1

Your GameObject is inheriting from Player and Enemy. Because Enemy already inherits from Player Python now cannot determine what class to look methods up on first; either Player, or on Enemy, which would override things defined in Player.

You don’t need to name all base classes of Enemy here; just inherit from that one class:

class GameObject(Enemy):
    pass

Enemy already includes Player, you don’t need to include it again.

Solution 2


I’ll explain the reason the original code doesn’t work.

Python needs to decide in which order to search through (direct and indirect) base classes when looking up an instance attribute / method. It does this by linearizing the inheritance graph, that is by converting the graph of base classes into a sequence, using an algorithm called C3 or MRO. The MRO algorithm is the unique algorithm that achieves several desirable properties:

  1. each ancestor class appears exactly once
  2. a class always appears before its ancestor (“monotonicity”)
  3. direct parents of the same class should appear in the same order as they are listed in class definition (“consistent local precedence order”)
  4. if children of class A always appear before children of class B, then A should appear before B (“consistent extended precedence order”)

With your code, the second constraint requires that Enemy appears first; the third constraint requires that Player appears first. Since there’s no way to satisfy all constraints, python reports that your inheritance hierarchy is illegal.

Your code will work if you switch the order of base classes in GameObject like so:

class GameObject(Enemy, Player):
    pass

This is not just a technical detail. In some (hopefully rare) cases, you might want to think about which class should be used to grab the method you called if the method is defined in multiple classes. The order in which you define base classes affects this choice.

Summery

It’s all About this issue. Hope all solution helped you a lot. Comment below Your thoughts and your queries. Also, Comment below which solution worked for you? Thank You.

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